Egg Donation

Egg donation is a fertility treatment in which a woman’s eggs are extracted and donated to another woman who is unable to produce healthy eggs. Egg donation is a method often used in cases of female infertility and typically involves the process of in vitro fertilization, or IVF, in which the eggs are fertilized in a laboratory. Unfertilized eggs are sometimes frozen and stored for later use by the intended parents. Egg donation is a form of assisted reproductive technology and is often performed to…


A hysteroscopy is a procedure, using a tool called a hysteroscope to examine the lining of the uterus and identify, diagnose or treat abnormalities.

Reasons for a Hysteroscopy

A hysteroscopy may be performed to determine the cause of:

  • Abnormal bleeding
  • Bleeding after menopause
  • Infertility

It may also be used to diagnose and remove fibroids or polyps and find and reposition an intrauterine device…

Gestational Surrogacy

Gestational surrogacy, also known as third-party reproduction, uses the assistance of a surrogate to carry a pregnancy to term. A surrogate is a woman who is implanted with a fertilized egg using in vitro fertilization, or IVF, on behalf of another individual or couple. Unlike classic surrogacy where a surrogate is inseminated with…

Reproductive Endocrinology

Reproductive endocrinology is a subspecialty of obstetrics and gynecology that addresses hormonal functioning as it relates to reproduction and infertility. In addition to treating infertility issues, reproductive endocrinologists are trained to evaluate and treat other hormonal dysfunctions in females and males. Many couples facing infertility problems choose to see a reproductive endocrinologist when deciding upon fertility treatments.

Embryo Cryopreservation

During the process of in vitro fertilization (IVF) multiple embryos (fertilized eggs) are often created. After the desired number of embryos is implanted in the uterus, there may be embryos left over and the decision may be made to have them cryopreserved (frozen) for use at a later date. If there have been previous infertility problems, or if the first implantation procedure is not successful, one or more of these embryos may be used in the future…

When would a couple or individual choose IVF treatment?

In vitro fertilization, or IVF, may be recommended if a couple has been unsuccessful at trying to conceive a child for over a period of one year and may include a partner who may have any of the following conditions:

  • Endometriosis
  • Low sperm count
  • Problems with ovulation
  • Fallopian tube damage or blockage
  • Previous tubal ligation or sterilization
  • Uterine fibroids
  • Unexplained infertility

Infertility Evaluation

Couples who have been experiencing infertility issues for an extended period of time may choose to undergo an evaluation to determine the cause of their problem with fertility. An infertility evaluation may be performed to determine the source of infertility and diagnostic tests may also be used to..


Surrogacy, also known as third-party reproduction, uses the assistance of a surrogate to carry a pregnancy to term. Surrogacy is an alternative to adoption for couples who are unable to become pregnant on their own and want to have a child. It is an option for women who are incapable of carrying a pregnancy to term, have other medical conditions that may affect fertility, or have suffered repeated miscarriages. It may also…

Embryonic Biopsy

An embryonic biopsy is the removal of genetic material from an embryo that has been created through in vitro fertilization (IVF). It is used to determine serious genetic defects through preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD). Cells are removed from each developing embryo for analysis so that only embryos free of dangerous mutations will be implanted. This prevents the continuing growth of an embryo carrying a disabling, possibly fatal, disease.

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection, or ICSI, is a procedure which involves injecting sperm directly into an egg to improve the chances of fertilization. The egg is then grown in a laboratory for a few days before it is implanted directly into the woman’s uterus. With ICSI, only a single healthy sperm is needed for each egg. This procedure is often performed in cases where the sperm cannot penetrate the outer layer, or cytoplasm, of the egg. ICSI may be used to increase the chances of fertilization with an in vitro fertilization, or IVF procedure…