Tuboplasty is a surgical procedure performed on the fallopian tubes. It is often necessary to remove a blockage in one of the tubes that may occur either near where the tube meets the uterus or toward the end of the tube. Fallopian tube blockages may be caused by the formation of scar tissue, an infection or as a result of an earlier surgery.
Reasons for a Tuboplasty
A blocked fallopian tube can prevent a woman from becoming pregnant. Most tuboplasty procedures are performed with the intention of increasing the chances of reproduction in women who may have had difficulty getting pregnant. If the fallopian tube itself has been damaged, it may be possible during a tuboplasty to remove the injured section and suture the healthy areas back together. In cases where a blockage was the cause of infertility, a tuboplasty may increase the chances of pregnancy.
The Tuboplasty Procedure
Prior to the tuboplasty, a doctor will use an X-ray or perform an ultrasound to view the fallopian tubes and the area where the damage or blockage is present. Tuboplasty may be done laparoscopically using a camera and small tools through a small incision below the belly button. Depending on the damage to the fallopian tube, the tuboplasty procedure can vary and may include:
- Removing scar tissue from the fallopian tube
- Creating a new opening within a fallopian tube
- Resection - removing a damaged part of the fallopian tube and rejoining the existing segments
The Risks of a Tuboplasty
A tuboplasty is a common and safe procedure but as with any surgery, there are risks which may include:
- Damage to other organs
- Reaction to anesthesia
A serious risk after a tuboplasty is the possibility of an ectopic pregnancy which can be very dangerous. It is important for women who become pregnant after a tuboplasty to consult their doctor as soon as they think they are pregnant.
A tuboplasty may be an option for women who have experienced infertility due to fallopian tube related problems. Patients should consult with their doctors to see if a tuboplasty is an option for their individual condition.