Patient Education

Montgomery Fertility Center would like to be your partner in health care. Feel free to ask your questions and share your concerns with us. We will work with you to develop a wellness program for the care and treatment you need.

We welcome you to our practice and look forward to caring for you.

Montgomery Fertility Center provides a full range of medical services including the following:


Egg Donation

Egg donation is a fertility treatment in which a woman's eggs are extracted and donated to another woman who is unable to produce healthy eggs. Egg donation is a method often used in cases of female infertility and typically involves the process of in vitro fertilization, or IVF, in which the eggs are fertilized in a laboratory. Unfertilized eggs are sometimes frozen and stored for later use by the intended parents. Egg donation is a form of assisted reproductive technology and is often performed to enable infertile couples to conceive a child. Egg donation results in pregnancy almost half of the time, the highest rate for any assisted reproductive methods. ...


Read More...

Gestational Surrogacy

Gestational surrogacy, also known as third-party reproduction, uses the assistance of a surrogate to carry a pregnancy to term. A surrogate is a woman who is implanted with a fertilized egg using in vitro fertilization, or IVF, on behalf of another individual or couple. Unlike classic surrogacy where a surrogate is inseminated with the sperm from the male and her own egg is used, carrying the baby to term on the couple's behalf, the gestational surrogate has no genetic link to the child. In gestational surrogacy, an embryo may be produced entirely by the genetic parents, or from a combination of donated or genetic egg and sperm. The embryo is then placed into the uterus of the surrogate and carried to term. Gestational surrogacy is considered legally less risky than classic surrogacy and is the most common type of surrogacy chosen by couples or intended parents. ...


Read More...

Hysteroscopy

A hysteroscopy is a procedure, using a tool called a hysteroscope to examine the lining of the uterus and identify, diagnose or treat abnormalities.

Reasons for a Hysteroscopy

A hysteroscopy may be performed to determine the cause of:

  • Abnormal bleeding
  • Bleeding after menopause
  • Infertility
It may also be used to diagnose and remove fibroids or polyps and find and reposition an intrauterine device.

...


Read More...

Reproductive Endocrinology

Reproductive endocrinology is a subspecialty of obstetrics and gynecology that addresses hormonal functioning as it relates to reproduction and infertility. In addition to treating infertility issues, reproductive endocrinologists are trained to evaluate and treat other hormonal dysfunctions in females and males. Many couples facing infertility problems choose to see a reproductive endocrinologist when deciding upon fertility treatments. A reproductive endocrinologist can help to diagnose conditions and identify factors that may be causing infertility, and work with patients to select the appropriate methods of treatment. ...


Read More...

Embryo Cryopreservation

During the process of in vitro fertilization (IVF) multiple embryos (fertilized eggs) are often created. After the desired number of embryos is implanted in the uterus, there may be embryos left over and the decision may be made to have them cryopreserved (frozen) for use at a later date. If there have been previous infertility problems, or if the first implantation procedure is not successful, one or more of these embryos may be used in the future. Cryopreservation helps to make any future implantation process simpler, less expensive and less invasive than the initial process, because ovarian stimulation and egg retrieval will be unnecessary. Cryopreservation can also be used to preserve embryos prior to cancer treatments. ...


Read More...

IVF FAQs

When would a couple or individual choose IVF treatment?

In vitro fertilization, or IVF, may be recommended if a couple has been unsuccessful at trying to conceive a child for over a period of one year and may include a partner who may have any of the following conditions:

  • Endometriosis
  • Low sperm count
  • Problems with ovulation
  • Fallopian tube damage or blockage
  • Previous tubal ligation or sterilization
  • Uterine fibroids
  • Unexplained infertility

In some cases, couples may have tried other methods to assist with fertility such as fertility drugs to increase production of eggs or intrauterine insemination. If these prior methods were unsuccessful, IVF may be used as a last resort to initiate a pregnancy. ...


Read More...

Infertility Evaluation

Couples who have been experiencing infertility issues for an extended period of time may choose to undergo an evaluation to determine the cause of their problem with fertility. An infertility evaluation may be performed to determine the source of infertility and diagnostic tests may also be used to detect any conditions or abnormalities that may inhibit one or both partner's ability to conceive a child. Candidates for infertility evaluation may include couples who have been trying to conceive a child for at least one year, couples who are over the age of 35, or couples or patients with certain physical or medical problems that may affect fertility. ...


Read More...

Surrogacy

Surrogacy, also known as third-party reproduction, uses the assistance of a surrogate to carry a pregnancy to term. Surrogacy is an alternative to adoption for couples who are unable to become pregnant on their own and want to have a child. It is an option for women who are incapable of carrying a pregnancy to term, have other medical conditions that may affect fertility, or have suffered repeated miscarriages. It may also be a family planning option for gay and lesbian couples or older couples who wish to conceive. This treatment involves the insemination of a third party, or a surrogate, who will carry the pregnancy to term on behalf of an individual or couple. ...


Read More...

Embryonic Biopsy

An embryonic biopsy is the removal of genetic material from an embryo that has been created through in vitro fertilization (IVF). It is used to determine serious genetic defects through preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD). Cells are removed from each developing embryo for analysis so that only embryos free of dangerous mutations will be implanted. This prevents the continuing growth of an embryo carrying a disabling, possibly fatal, disease. Embryonic biopsy can also be performed to diagnose possible reasons for miscarriage, or to assist in selection of an embryo of one specific gender. ...


Read More...

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection, or ICSI, is a procedure which involves injecting sperm directly into an egg to improve the chances of fertilization. The egg is then grown in a laboratory for a few days before it is implanted directly into the woman's uterus. With ICSI, only a single healthy sperm is needed for each egg. This procedure is often performed in cases where the sperm cannot penetrate the outer layer, or cytoplasm, of the egg. ICSI may be used to increase the chances of fertilization with an in vitro fertilization, or IVF procedure. ...


Read More...

Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis

Preimplantation genetic diagnosis, or PGD, is a diagnostic procedure that is used to detect genetic changes in embryos that are created using assisted reproductive techniques such as in-vitro fertilization. PGD can reduce the risk of having a child with a particular genetic or chromosomal disorder. In-vitro fertilization involves removing egg cells from a woman's ovaries and fertilizing them with sperm cells outside the body. To perform preimplantation testing, a small number of cells are taken from these embryos and tested for certain genetic changes. Only embryos without these genetic changes or abnormalities are implanted in the uterus to initiate a pregnancy. ...


Read More...

Infertility

Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive after 12 months of unprotected sexual intercourse. Infertility may be attributed to the man, the woman, or both partners. Infertility does not mean that a couple is sterile and will never have a child. Approximately half of all couples who seek help for infertility will eventually conceive a child. There are several treatments available that may help to improve the chances of a conception and a successful pregnancy. ...


Read More...

Intrauterine Insemination

Intrauterine insemination, also known as artificial insemination or IUI, is a solution to infertility. Prior to insemination, women are often given medication to stimulate multiple egg development. The male partner's sperm is artificially inseminated into the woman's uterine cavity in hopes of fertilizing an egg. A semen specimen is produced and then "washed" to separate the sperm from other components before being placed into the uterus. ...


Read More...

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Polycystic ovary syndrome, also known as PCOS, is a condition that affects a woman's ovaries. The causes of polycystic ovary syndrome are unknown but it is known that between 5 percent to 10 percent of the women in the United States are affected by this condition. It is the leading cause of infertility in women. ...


Read More...

Ovulation Induction

Ovulation induction is a procedure in which medication is used to stimulate a woman's ovaries to ovulate and produce eggs. Ovulation induction commonly uses fertility drugs to stimulate the follicles in the ovaries in order to produce multiple eggs during each menstrual cycle. This process is often performed as a fertility treatment. With additional control over the timing of egg release, there is a significant increase in the likelihood of fertilization. These medications may be used to assist with fertilization naturally through sexual intercourse, or in conjunction with in vitro fertilization, or IVF. In extreme cases when medication to induce ovulation has been unsuccessful, surgery may also be performed to increase the chances of ovulation. ...


Read More...

Recurrent Pregnancy Loss

Women who have had three or more miscarriages may be experiencing a condition known as recurrent pregnancy loss, a troubling diagnosis that presents both physical and emotional concerns for couples. The exact cause of a miscarriage is not always known, however, most miscarriages that occur in the first trimester of pregnancy are often caused by chromosomal abnormalities in the fetus. While most cases of miscarriage are isolated occurrences, multiple miscarriages may be due to other underlying physical factors. ...


Read More...

Hysterosonography

A hysterosonography is an ultrasound with an infusion of saline. Hysterosonography, also known as sonohysterography, incorporates a screening process that checks for intrauterine abnormalities for those couples with infertility problems. An ultrasound image is produced that views the uterine cavity and the endometrial lining. This procedure also tests for the presence of congenital defects, masses, scarring, polyps or fibroids. ...


Read More...

Tuboplasty

Tuboplasty is a surgical procedure performed on the fallopian tubes. It is often necessary to remove a blockage in one of the tubes that may occur either near where the tube meets the uterus or toward the end of the tube. Fallopian tube blockages may be caused by the formation of scar tissue, an infection or as a result of an earlier surgery. ...


Read More...

Family Balancing

For many couples, family balancing is part of family planning. They want to have a family that includes at least one son and one daughter. Historically, couples often had large families for several reasons: secure methods of contraception were unavailable, infant mortality was high, and gender balance in offspring was desired. In modern times, with secure means of contraception available and infant mortality no longer a pressing concern, many couples are content with much smaller families, but may still want to have some control over offspring gender. ...


Read More...


Back to top